A stone carving at a major archaeological site suggests a comet struck Earth thousands of years ago and started an ice age.
Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site located in modern-day Turkey. Built before Stonehenge, it served as an ancient temple site and religious center where multiple people would gather, but it also seemed to have been an astronomy observatory. Archaeologists have studied several stone carvings at Göbekli Tepe. The Vulture Stone, however, depicts a major astronomical event that changed human history.
The Vulture Stone depicts an ancient comet impact. Archaeologists found the vultures and animals featured on the pillar correspond with ancient constellations and the comet. They traced the positions of the constellations to around 10,950 BC, nearly 13,000 years ago. This is also the date when a mini ice age called the Younger Dryas began. The comet impact could have caused this ice age.
What happened was that the comet’s nucleus broke apart and struck the Earth. The carving of a man with a missing head might indicate a significant loss of human life. The ice age that followed led to the rise of agriculture. The barley, wheat, and animals that hunter-gatherers relied on were in short supply during the Younger Dryas. Humans had to resort to settling down, growing their own vegetables and fruits, and raising livestock. The Younger Dryas herald a new age in human development, one where agriculture led to rise of villages, cities, and civilizations. And it all could be attributed to this one comet impact.